Captain James Cook

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The Europeans Arrive
In 1770, British explorer Captain James Cook crashed his ship into the Great Barrier Reef. He and his crew chartered the east coast and claimed the continent for the British Empire. As the prisons of England overflowed, 160,000 convicts were exiled to this colony between 1788 and 1868. However, not all settlers in Australia were convicts.
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FROM: Oprah's Ultimate Australian Adventure
Published on January 18, 2011

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