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In the mid-1990s, MIT biology professor Nancy Hopkins and 11 other female colleagues researched whether MIT overlooked its women professors. They discovered that some female professors were paid up to 30 percent less than their male counterparts, had less space for research than men, and had less control in university decision-making.
In 1999 the group presented its report to the president of MIT. MIT has since increased the number of female professors from 8 percent to 13 percent and added additional benefits to three female professors' pension plans.