José is the patriarch of the Buendía clan, married to his cousin Úrsula Iguarán and the father of José Arcadio (II), Colonel Aureliano Buendía, and Amaranta. José Arcadio Buendía leads several friends across the mountains after killing Prudencio Aguilar in an honor duel. He is a natural leader in Macondo, offer planting advice and laying out the village until he is driven mad by his solitary and obsessive pursuit of knowledge. He spends many years tied to the chestnut tree in the yard, speaking Latin, cared for alternately by members of his family and the ghost of Prudencio Aguilar.

The enterprising and spirited matriarch of the Buendía clan, Úrsula lives to be somewhere between 115 and 122 years old. She is the wife and cousin of José Arcadio Buendía and the mother of José Arcadio (II), Colonel Aureliano Buendía, and Amaranta. In her prime, she keeps the house open to visitors, supports the family by selling candy animals and ends her son José Arcadio's tyrannical rule over the town during the Civil War. In her old age, she goes blind, battles periods of lucidity and becomes the plaything of her great-great granddaughter Amaranta Úrsula and great-great-great grandson Aureliano (II).


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