Liza Knapp answers: "Perhaps one function of this title is to remind us of Anna, even when everyone else seems to forget about her. As the novel progresses, Anna is often absent, not only from the action, but from the minds and hearts of many of those who should love her. This gap creates an eerie feeling. Is the message that the only way of surviving is to avoid and forget about the unfortunate and dangerous Anna Karenina? Or is it that even faithful husbands, happy family men whose lives seem so far from Anna's, face some of the same existential questions she does?"