Home security is an important part of any trip plan, whether you're preparing for a weekend getaway or an extended vacation. Besides protecting against burglary, it's wise to be proactive about mechanical problems, which can easily develop in a house left vacant and cause major damage that might not be discovered until you return.
To make sure your home security
is up to par and you can truly enjoy your trip, run through the following home security and vacant home checklist well before you pack.Inside Your Home
- Shut the main water valve. If you'll be away for a prolonged period of time, it's smart to shut down your home's water supply. Locate and turn off the main water valve, which is usually found on the front, street-facing side of a home's lower level (it may be located in the crawl space; if it's difficult to get to, a plumber can add an extension to put it within reach). If your landscape irrigation comes from the same line, arrange for a bypass valve to be installed so watering can continue as usual. More water-saving tips for the lawn and garden.
- Drain toilets. As step two of the water shutdown plan, drain all toilets and tanks by holding down the flush lever until the water is gone.
- Turn the water heater off. If your water heater is electric, turn off the large breaker assigned to it at the main electrical panel. For gas water heaters, turn the valve to the pilot position or turn it off completely, but only if you know how to relight it and will be away for an extended period of time.
- Turn the breakers off. To minimize the risk of electrical fires, turn off all nonessential electrical circuit breakers in your home's electrical box (such as anything other than your heating system, security system and outdoor lighting). Well before you're under pressure to figure out which are which, take time to label circuits with small, colored dot stickers, using green for nonessential and red for essential.
- Disconnect appliances. Unplug all appliances, large and small.
- Lower the A/C. If you'll be away for a weekend, set your air conditioner to 80 degrees to lower air conditioning costs; if you'll be gone longer, shut it down entirely.
- Lights on timers. Improve home security by putting lights in main living areas on timers and setting them to simulate occupancy.
- Don't broadcast your absence. A burglar can easily be tipped off to your absence by an unanswered phone, so turn off the ringer and keep your everyday answering message in play. And never, ever leave a message or post on a Facebook or Twitter page saying, "I'm away on vacation."
- Adjust blinds. Leave blinds and curtains in normal positions wherever possible, taking care not to expose belongings attractive to prying eyes.
- Secure valuables. Protect valuables from theft (important papers, jewelry, etc.) in a home safe or safe deposit box.
- Disconnect the computer. Make sure your computer is turned off and disconnected from the Internet, particularly if it contains personal information. Also put away or shred telltale bills and receipts that add to the risk of identity theft.
- Set the alarm. Activate your alarm system; be sure to notify the home security company of your days away and provide interim contact information.
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- Lock up. Ensure that all windows and doors are securely locked before you leave for vacation. This may sound elementary, but all it takes is one of them ajar to welcome an intruder and threaten home security.