Good news and bad news aside, there’s plenty you can do to better understand what’s going on in your body as you approach or enter menopause. Once you do, you’ll be better equipped to battle the extra belly fat that seems so reluctant to leave your side(s).
The Biology of Belly Fat
The number one reason it’s so hard to lose belly fat: hormones. With menopause comes a drop in estrogen; this decrease alters where the body stores fat, making women more prone to gaining visceral belly fat. Other hormonal imbalances during this time can leave the body feeling hungry, even after eating. Sleep disturbances, common in perimenopause and menopause, are associated with decreased levels of leptin (an appetite suppressant) and increased levels of ghrelin (an appetite stimulant).
Additionally, the stresses of life – kids, college tuitions or the mortgage – can lead to an increase in cortisol, the “stress hormone,” which also triggers your body to store fat around the middle.
Why You Should Worry
As if you weren’t already obsessed with not fitting into your favorite jeans, there’s more to be concerned about than aesthetics.
Visceral fat surrounds organs, and excess visceral fat is linked to type 2 diabetes and heart disease. New research has also revealed that belly fat is a risk factor for bone loss; visceral fat adds fat to bone marrow and reduces bone mineral density. To learn how you can preserve your bone health, click here.