Nutritionists have historically lumped coconut oil into the same category as cream, butter, and lard—namely, "off-limits"—because it consists largely of saturated fat, the kind linked to a higher risk of heart disease.
Current science indicates that not every type of saturated fat is evil: The crucial question is whether it consists of "medium-chain" or "long-chain" fatty acids, says Marie-Pierre St-Onge, PhD, a scientist at the New York Obesity Research Center. Medium-chain fatty acids—such as lauric acid, which makes up about 50 percent of coconut oil—can be metabolized faster than the long-chain variety. They're also readily absorbed in the small intestine along with other nutrients, meaning they don't enter the lymphatic system and are less likely to get deposited in the stomach as fat.
A study published in the journal Lipids
found that a small group of obese women who consumed two tablespoons of coconut oil a day for 12 weeks saw their waistlines shrink, while women who consumed the same amount of soybean oil experienced no such change. And one of St-Onge's studies, published in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
, revealed that overweight subjects who consumed medium-chain triglycerides as part of a diet program lost more weight and more abdominal fat than subjects who consumed olive oil.
The Bottom Line
Coconut oil is the richest naturally occurring source of medium-chain triglycerides, but these fatty acids represent only part of the oil's total composition. "We have hints that coconut oil may be beneficial for weight management, but we don't really know enough to make blanket statements," says St-Onge. And no research shows conclusively that coconut oil's health perks are as strong as those from canola oil and olive oil—both of which promote cardiovascular function.
"Think of it as a yellow-light food," says dietitian Bonnie Taub-Dix, author of Read It Before You Eat It: How to Decode Food Labels and Make the Healthiest Choice Every Time
. If you like the sweet, nutty taste of coconut oil, try using it as a substitute for other saturated fats in your diet—a pat of Earth Balance's organic coconut spread on your toast instead of butter, for instance.
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