This cheery yellow spice—it's been called a poor man's saffron and is the ingredient behind many curry dishes' bright hue—has long been the darling of the Ayurvedic medicine world. Indeed, Dr. Oz says research shows that turmeric may help prevent the accumulation of plaques that build up in the brains of Alzheimer's patients and that can interfere with communication between neurons. Aside from the health benefits, turmeric has a fantastic, earthy flavor, akin to that of horseradish or mustard. It pairs nicely with salty foods (try stirring it into peanut butter and using it as a dip with pretzels for a savory snack), though many other dishes can benefit from it too. Chef Joe Dobias puts it in Yellow Horseradish, which he serves alongside a French dip sandwich, and chef Haim Ben-Simon incorporates it into his simple Mediterranean Rice.